Contains the opening prayer, prayer over the gifts, prayer after communion, and solemn blessings. Eucharistic prayers and prefaces for all of the masses including most special occasions.
Contains the scripture readings for Mass. It is carried in the procession by the lector and placed on the ambo.
Book of the Gospels
Contains only the Gospel readings. It is used on more solemn occasions and is carried by the deacon if it is used.
The large cup used at Mass used to hold the wine which becomes the Blood of Christ.
A vessel used to hold the Hosts which will be used for communion. They are also used to reserve the Blessed Sacrament in the tabernacle.
A saucer-like disk which holds the bread which becomes the Body of Christ.
Small vessels that hold the water and wine (for the chalice) used during Mass
Aspergill / Aspergillium
A rod with small holes in the end allowing the sprinkling of Holy Water
The aspersory is the portable vessel filled with Holy Water
The shrine or receptacle either round or rectangular that serves as a place for the exclusive reservation of the Blessed Sacrament. It should be of solid material, opaque, secure and inviolable, fitting the architecture of the church in a preeminent place.
An oil lamp or wax candle that burns near the tabernacle. It is always lit whenever the Blessed Sacrament is reserved in churches or chapels as a sign of honor shown to the Lord.
A sacred vessel designed to expose the consecrated Host to the congregation either for adoration in church of carrying in procession, particularly on the Solemnity of the Body and Blood of Christ.
Censor and Boat ( Thurible)
The Censor, also known as the Thurible, is used at solemn occasion to incense the bread and wine after the offertory, the priest, and congregation. The Boat holds the incense until it is place in the censor by the celebrant.
Decanter or Flagon
The bottle or pitcher like vessel used to hold the wine which will be consecrated at mass for the communion of the people. It is brought forth with the gifts.
Lavabo Bowl / Ablution Cup
is a bowl over which the priest washes his hands during Mass (water drips into this bowl.)
The Processional Cross is the large cross that is carried in by a server at the beginning of Mass and is carried out at the end of Mass
The Gospel Candle is carried during the precession and reading the Holy Gospel.
Small container (Greek meaning 'box') that holds the consecrated Host taken to the sick
A white linen cloth on which are placed the vessels containing the bread and wine during Mass which will become the Body and Blood of Christ.
A white cloth use to cleanse the chalice. It resembles a napkin.
The stiff, square, white cover that is placed over the paten when it is on the chalice.
A Finger Towel
is used by the priest to dry his hands after the hand washing.
Round (from the Latin 'moon') hinged case with glass from and back, in the center of the Monstrance
The lunette is a circular case which fits in the luna and holds the Host
A long white garment which can be used by all liturgical ministers. It is a reminder of the baptismal garment worn when the new Christian "Put on Christ."
A long black garment worn by Altar Servers under the Surplice. Also worn by Diocesan Priests (Black), Monsignors (Rose), Bishops (Violet), Cardinals (Red), and the Pope (White).
The sleeveless outer garment, slipped over the head, hanging down from the shoulders covering the alb and stole of the priest. It is the proper Mass vestment for the main celebrant and its color varies according to the feast.
A cape-like garment which is put over the shoulders and hangs to the ankles, it is open in the front and worn by a priest or deacon in processions at Benediction and in other services.
A loose-fitting robe with open sides and wide sleeves worn by a deacon on more solemn feasts. It takes its color from the liturgical feast as listed above.
A long cloth "scarf." According to the manner in which it worn it is the mark of the Office of the priest or deacon. A priest wears it around the neck, letting it hang down in front.
Benediction / Humeral Veil
This is a long narrow shawl-like vestment used at Benediction.
A long cord used for fastening albs at the waist. It holds the loose-fitting type of alb in place and is used to adjust it to proper length. It is usually white, although the liturgical color of the day may be used.
HELPFUL DEFINITIONS ALTAR SERVERS SHOULD KNOW
Alb – The full white garment worn by the priest, deacon, and in some cases the altar servers. The alb is symbolic of Baptism. The rope tied around the waist is called a cincture.
Altar - The place where the Eucharistic Sacrifice takes place. The altar is sacred and often contains relics of the saints.
Ablution Cup/ Lavabo Bowl - covered dish of water on the side of the tabernacle which is used by the priest, deacon or extraordinary ministers of the Eucharist to wash their fingers after distributing Communion.
Ambo - The platform, lectern or pulpit from which the reading and homily are given.
Aspergillium - The holy water sprinkler.
Cassock - A long tunic-like garment which reaches from the neck to the heels and is worn by some servers and clergy.
Chalice - A cup of precious metal that holds the wine which becomes the Blood of Jesus after the consecration. All chalices should be placed in their places after Mass. If the chalices were left unpurified by the priest or deacon for some reason, they should be left out on the presentation table for purification by the priest or deacon. Never put an unpurified chalice away.
Chalice Veil (peplum) - A cloth covering used to hide the chalice and paten up to the offertory and after Communion. It is selected by the liturgical color for the service.
Ciborium - A large cup or container of precious metal with a cover of the same material which will hold the Body of Jesus after the consecration for distribution of Holy Communion to the faithful.
Corporal - A white linen cloth, usually with a cross in the center, used to protect any particles of the Precious Body and Blood of Jesus from falling to the altar cloth. It is always folded and unfolded so as to protect any particles from being lost. The corporal is like the body winding sheet used to hold the crucified body of Our Lord in the tomb.
Credence Table - The table in the sanctuary where the cruets, chalices and ciborium are kept before and after the Consecration.
Cruets - The vessels containing the water and wine used at Mass.
Lectionary - The book of reading used for the Liturgy of the Word. It usually contains all the biblical reading used for the three-year Sunday cycle of reading and the two-year daily Mass readings.
Pall - A square piece of cardboard or plastic which is covered by linen and used to cover the chalice.
Paten - A small saucer shaped plate of precious metal that holds the Host. No lay person should ever touch the paten, so be very careful when handling it in your official duties.
Purificator - A linen cloth used by the priest or deacon to dry the chalice after washing and purifying it. Used purificators must always be placed in the proper container for sacred cloths.
Sacramentary - The book containing the prayers said by the priest during the Mass.
Sacrarium (piscina) - A sink with it drain going directly into the ground usually fitted with a cover and lock which is used for the disposal of the following: The sacred linen wash and rinse water, used holy water, used baptismal water and blessed ashes. No other use is permitted.
Stock - The metal containers used to hold the oil of the catechumen, the oil of chrism and the oil for anointing the sick.
Stoup - The holy water fountains or bowls at the entrances of the church.
Surplice - A wide-sleeved linen worn over a cassock by clergy and altar servers in some parishes.
Thurible - The special vessel which holds burning charcoal and into which incense is placed. The device holding the incense is called the "boat."
Acolytes' Candles - These two candles are carried either side of the cross in the entrance procession. They are then used to flank the Gospel when it is proclaimed.
Cassock - Full-length gown with sleeves worn by servers and priests.
Chapel of Reconciliation/Confessional Box - Here we meet with the priest to confess our sins and, through the Sacrament of Reconciliation or Penance, receive God's forgiveness in the prayer of absolution.
Host - The consecrated Body of Christ.
Incense - A substance that gives off clouds of sweet smelling smoke when sprinkled onto burning charcoal.
Lavabo Bowl and Towel - At the preparation of the gifts the priest washes his hands to signify the cleansing of the sins of those gathered and to prepare himself for what he is about to do.
Sacramentary - A book that the priest uses at his chair and at the altar. It can also be called the Missal.
Tabernacle - The cupboard where we keep the consecrated bread
The Presider’s Chair is the chair on the right side of the sanctuary that the priest uses to sit on when he presides (leads) at Mass during the Liturgy of the Word and the concluding prayers of the Mass.
The Ambo is the stand at which the Word of God is read from the lectionary. The homily is usually delivered from the ambo also.
The Altar is the holy table from which the priest presides over the Liturgy of the Eucharist.
The Credence Table is the side table near the sanctuary where items are kept when they are needed for Mass but are not currently being used.
The Tabernacle is the large, decorated box or safe in which the consecrated Eucharistic Bread is kept. It is located in the Blessed Sacrament Chapel.
The Baptismal Font is the large pool at the entrance to the church where baptisms take place.
Liturgical Colors for Chasuble,
Green - Worn during "Ordinary Time." Ordinary does not mean ordinary in the sense of common or normal. Ordinary means counting, as in the 15th Sunday in Ordinary Time.
White - Worn during the Christmas, Easter seasons and celebrations of Mary, the Angels, Saints who were not martyrs, All Saints, Birth of John the Baptist, Chair of Peter, Conversion of Paul, St. John the Evangelist and is the preferred color for Masses for the dead..
PARTS OF THE HOLY MASS
We know that there are different parts of the Mass. As Altar servers, we have different responsibilities in each phase. We must familiarize ourselves with the parts of the Mass.
Liturgy of the word
1 st Reading
2 nd Reading
Profession of Faith
Prayer of the Faithful
Liturgy of the Eucharist
Preparation of the gifts
Sign of peace