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Items used at Mass and Liturgies

 

BOOKS
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Sacramentary

Sacramentary

Contains the opening prayer, prayer over the gifts, prayer after communion, and solemn blessings. Eucharistic prayers and prefaces for all of the masses including most special occasions.

 

  Lectionary

 Lectionary

Contains the scripture readings for Mass. It is carried in the procession by the lector and placed on the ambo.

  

Book of the Gospels

Book of the Gospels

Contains only the Gospel readings. It is used on more solemn occasions and is carried by the deacon if it is used.

 

 

VESSELS
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Chalice

Chalice

The large cup used at Mass used to hold the wine which becomes the Blood of Christ.

 

 Ciborium

 Ciborium

A vessel used to hold the Hosts which will be used for communion. They are also used to reserve the Blessed Sacrament in the tabernacle.

Paten

 Paten

A saucer-like disk which holds the bread which becomes the Body of Christ.

 

 

Cruet

Small vessels that hold the water and wine (for the chalice) used during Mass

 

 

 

 

Aspergill / Aspergillium

A rod with small holes in the end allowing the sprinkling of Holy Water

The aspersory is the portable vessel filled with Holy Water

 

 

Tabernacle

The shrine or receptacle either round or rectangular that serves as a place for the exclusive reservation of the Blessed Sacrament. It should be of solid material, opaque, secure and inviolable, fitting the architecture of the church in a preeminent place.

 

 Sanctuary Lamp

An oil lamp or wax candle that burns near the tabernacle. It is always lit whenever the Blessed Sacrament is reserved in churches or chapels as a sign of honor shown to the Lord.

Monstrance

A sacred vessel designed to expose the consecrated Host to the congregation either for adoration in church of carrying in procession, particularly on the Solemnity of the Body and Blood of Christ.

Censor and Boat ( Thurible)

The Censor, also known as the Thurible, is used at solemn occasion to incense the bread and wine after the offertory, the priest, and congregation. The Boat holds the incense until it is place in the censor by the celebrant.

  

Decanter or Flagon

The bottle or pitcher like vessel used to hold the wine which will be consecrated at mass for the communion of the people. It is brought forth with the gifts.

 

Lavabo Bowl / Ablution Cup

 is a bowl over which the priest washes his hands during Mass (water drips into this bowl.)

 

  The Processional Cross is the large cross that is carried in by a server at the beginning of Mass and is carried out at the end of Mass

The Gospel Candle is carried during the precession and reading the Holy Gospel.

 Pyx

Small container (Greek meaning 'box') that holds the consecrated Host taken to the sick

 

LINENS
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Corporal

Corporal

A white linen cloth on which are placed the vessels containing the bread and wine during Mass which will become the Body and Blood of Christ.

 

Purificator

 Purificator

 A white cloth use to cleanse the chalice. It resembles a napkin.

 

 Pall

Pall

 The stiff, square, white cover that is placed over the paten when it is on the chalice.

 

 

A Finger Towel

is used by the priest to dry his hands after the hand washing.

 

Luna

Round (from the Latin 'moon') hinged case with glass from and back, in the center of the Monstrance

The lunette is a circular case which fits in the luna and holds the Host

 

 

VESTMENTS
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 Alb

A long white garment which can be used by all liturgical ministers. It is a reminder of the baptismal garment worn when the new Christian "Put on Christ."

   

  Cassock

A long black garment worn by Altar Servers under the Surplice. Also worn by Diocesan Priests (Black), Monsignors (Rose), Bishops (Violet), Cardinals (Red), and the Pope (White).

 

  Chasuble

The sleeveless outer garment, slipped over the head, hanging down from the shoulders covering the alb and stole of the priest. It is the proper Mass vestment for the main celebrant and its color varies according to the feast.

 

 

 Cope

A cape-like garment which is put over the shoulders and hangs to the ankles, it is open in the front and worn by a priest or deacon in processions at Benediction and in other services.

 

Dalmatic

A loose-fitting robe with open sides and wide sleeves worn by a deacon on more solemn feasts. It takes its color from the liturgical feast as listed above.

 

 

Surplice


This is a wide-sleeved garment, slipped over the head, covering the shoulders, and coming down below the hips. It is worn over the cassock.

 

 Priest Stole

A long cloth "scarf." According to the manner in which it worn it is the mark of the Office of the priest or deacon. A priest wears it around the neck, letting it hang down in front.

 

 

 

 

 

 Deacon Stole


A long cloth "scarf." According to the manner in which it worn it is the mark of the Office of the priest or deacon. A deacon wears it over his left shoulder, fastening it at his right side.

 

 

Benediction / Humeral Veil

This is a long narrow shawl-like vestment used at Benediction.

 

Cincture

A long cord used for fastening albs at the waist. It holds the loose-fitting type of alb in place and is used to adjust it to proper length. It is usually white, although the liturgical color of the day may be used.

 

 

HELPFUL DEFINITIONS ALTAR SERVERS SHOULD KNOW
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Alb – The full white garment worn by the priest, deacon, and in some cases the altar servers. The alb is symbolic of Baptism. The rope tied around the waist is called a cincture.

Altar - The place where the Eucharistic Sacrifice takes place. The altar is sacred and often contains relics of the saints.

Ablution Cup/ Lavabo Bowl - covered dish of water on the side of the tabernacle which is used by the priest, deacon or extraordinary ministers of the Eucharist to wash their fingers after distributing Communion.

Ambo - The platform, lectern or pulpit from which the reading and homily are given.

Aspergillium - The holy water sprinkler.

Cassock - A long tunic-like garment which reaches from the neck to the heels and is worn by some servers and clergy.

Chalice - A cup of precious metal that holds the wine which becomes the Blood of Jesus after the consecration. All chalices should be placed in their places after Mass. If the chalices were left unpurified by the priest or deacon for some reason, they should be left out on the presentation table for purification by the priest or deacon. Never put an unpurified chalice away.

Chalice Veil (peplum) - A cloth covering used to hide the chalice and paten up to the offertory and after Communion. It is selected by the liturgical color for the service.

Ciborium - A large cup or container of precious metal with a cover of the same material which will hold the Body of Jesus after the consecration for distribution of Holy Communion to the faithful.

Corporal - A white linen cloth, usually with a cross in the center, used to protect any particles of the Precious Body and Blood of Jesus from falling to the altar cloth. It is always folded and unfolded so as to protect any particles from being lost. The corporal is like the body winding sheet used to hold the crucified body of Our Lord in the tomb.

Credence Table - The table in the sanctuary where the cruets, chalices and ciborium are kept before and after the Consecration.

Cruets - The vessels containing the water and wine used at Mass.

Lectionary - The book of reading used for the Liturgy of the Word. It usually contains all the biblical reading used for the three-year Sunday cycle of reading and the two-year daily Mass readings.

Pall - A square piece of cardboard or plastic which is covered by linen and used to cover the chalice.

Paten - A small saucer shaped plate of precious metal that holds the Host. No lay person should ever touch the paten, so be very careful when handling it in your official duties.

Purificator - A linen cloth used by the priest or deacon to dry the chalice after washing and purifying it. Used purificators must always be placed in the proper container for sacred cloths.

Sacramentary - The book containing the prayers said by the priest during the Mass.

Sacrarium (piscina) - A sink with it drain going directly into the ground usually fitted with a cover and lock which is used for the disposal of the following: The sacred linen wash and rinse water, used holy water, used baptismal water and blessed ashes. No other use is permitted.

Stock - The metal containers used to hold the oil of the catechumen, the oil of chrism and the oil for anointing the sick.

Stoup - The holy water fountains or bowls at the entrances of the church.

Surplice - A wide-sleeved linen worn over a cassock by clergy and altar servers in some parishes.

Thurible - The special vessel which holds burning charcoal and into which incense is placed. The device holding the incense is called the "boat."

 

Acolytes' Candles  - These two candles are carried either side of the cross in the entrance procession. They are then used to flank the Gospel when it is proclaimed.

Alb - A long linen tunic, worn since the four century. The name comes from the Latin word, 'albus', and meaning white.

Altar - The structure on which the Eucharist takes place.

Book of Gospels - Contains all the Gospel readings for the Church's year. It is brought to the lectern during the Gospel acclamation. It may be carried into church as part of the entrance procession or put in a special place before the celebration begins.

Cassock - Full-length gown with sleeves worn by servers and priests.

Chalice - The cup that contains the precious Blood of Christ.

Chapel of Reconciliation/Confessional Box - Here we meet with the priest to confess our sins and, through the Sacrament of Reconciliation or Penance, receive God's forgiveness in the prayer of absolution.

Ciborium - A container that holds the body of Christ.

Cincture - A rope belt that is tied around the waist.

Corporal - Its name comes from the Latin word 'corpus' meaning a 'body'. It is a square of white cloth, on which the chalice and paten are placed during the Mass, to catch particles of the Blessed Sacrament, should any fall from the vessels. The corporal is placed on the altar either before Mass begins or during the preparation of the gifts.

Credence table - The little wooden side table on which all the things that are necessary for the Mass are placed.

Crozier
- Carried by a Bishop. Looks like a shepherd's crook and reminds us that the Bishop is chief shepherd of the flock of Christ in any given area.

Crucifix - A cross on which is the figure of Jesus.

Cruet - Small jug that contains water or wine for the Mass.

Baptismal Font - This is a pool or vessel of water in which people are baptised. It reminds us of our baptism, when we were washed clean of sin and became a member of God's family.

Gospel Book - A large decorated book containing only Gospel readings for the Mass. The deacon usually carries it.

Host - The consecrated Body of Christ.

Humeral veil - A long rectangular garment, held by a clasp at the front, worn by a priest or deacon when carrying a Ciborium or Monstrance containing the Blessed Sacrament.

Incense - A substance that gives off clouds of sweet smelling smoke when sprinkled onto burning charcoal.

Incense Boat - So called because it is usually shaped like a boat, it contains the incense, which will be burned in the thurible.

Lavabo Bowl and Towel - At the preparation of the gifts the priest washes his hands to signify the cleansing of the sins of those gathered and to prepare himself for what he is about to do.

Lectern - The desk from which the readers, deacon and priest proclaim the readings.

Lectionary - A book containing all the scripture readings for Mass. It is placed on the lectern before Mass begins, or it may be carried in the entrance procession.

Lunette - A crescent-shaped clip made of gold or of silver-gilt, which is used for holding the Host in an upright position when, exposed in the monstrance.

Mitre - A tall pointed hat in two pieces as worn by a Bishop. It reminds us of the tongues of fire that seemed to light upon the apostles on the first day of Pentecost.

Monstrance - A metal container on a stand. It is used at expositions and benedictions of the Blessed Sacrament. It may be plain or very elaborate, but it always has a little glass window through which you can see the host.

Pascal Candle - This speaks of our Lord's resurrection from the dead. During the Easter season this paschal candle has its place in the sanctuary. Thereafter it is placed next to the font for use during baptisms.

Presidential chair - The chair on which the presider sits.

Processional Cross - This is carried into church at the head of a procession, as a sign of our faith, and is the basic symbol of Christianity. It reminds us that Jesus died for us.

Purification - A cloth that is used to wipe the chalice each time it is used.

Pyx - A small metal container, used to take Holy Communion to the sick and Housebound.

Sacramentary - A book that the priest uses at his chair and at the altar. It can also be called the Missal.

Sacristy - The room where the clergy and servers prepare themselves for the service.

Sanctuary - Sacred part of the church where the Altar, Lectern and presidential chair are located.

Sanctuary Lamp - The lamp that is kept burning on the sanctuary to show that the Blessed Sacrament is present.

Stations of the Cross - These depict, usually in fourteen stages, the journey of Jesus to Calvary , his crucifixion on the cross and his laying in the tomb.

Stole - This important vestment, worn around the neck, shows that the priest is celebrating one of the Sacraments. It also shows that the priest has the duty to preach the Word of God.

Tabernacle - The cupboard where we keep the consecrated bread

 

Special Furniture
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The Presider’s Chair is the chair on the right side of the sanctuary that the priest uses to sit on when he presides (leads) at Mass during the Liturgy of the Word and the concluding prayers of the Mass.

The Ambo is the stand at which the Word of God is read from the lectionary. The homily is usually delivered from the ambo also.

The Altar is the holy table from which the priest presides over the Liturgy of the Eucharist.

The Credence Table is the side table near the sanctuary where items are kept when they are needed for Mass but are not currently being used.

The Tabernacle is the large, decorated box or safe in which the consecrated Eucharistic Bread is kept. It is located in the Blessed Sacrament Chapel.

The Baptismal Font is the large pool at the entrance to the church where baptisms take place.

 

Liturgical Colors for Chasuble,
Dalmatic and Stoles

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GreenGreen - Worn during "Ordinary Time." Ordinary does not mean ordinary in the sense of common or normal. Ordinary means counting, as in the 15th Sunday in Ordinary Time.

RedRed - Worn on Passion (Palm) Sunday, Good Friday, Pentecost Sunday, and on the Feast Days of Martyrs including the Apostles and Evangelists.

VioletViolet - Worn during Advent and Lent or at Masses for the dead.

 

WhiteWhite - Worn during the Christmas, Easter seasons and celebrations of Mary, the Angels, Saints who were not martyrs, All Saints, Birth of John the Baptist, Chair of Peter, Conversion of Paul, St. John the Evangelist and is the preferred color for Masses for the dead..

RoseRose / Pink - Worn on the 3rd Sunday of Advent (Gaudete Sunday) and the 4th Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday).

BlackBlack - Was traditionally worn at Masses for the dead. Now the preferred color is White or Violet.

 

GREEN
Worn during "Ordinary Time." Ordinary does not mean ordinary in the sense of common or normal. Ordinary means counting, as in the 15th Sunday in Ordinary Time.

RED
Worn on Passion (Palm) Sunday, Pentecost Sunday, and on the Feast Days of Martyrs including the Apostles and Envangelists.

WHITE
Worn during the Christmas and Easter seasons and celebrations of Mary, the Angels, the Saints who were not martyrs, All Saints, Birth of John the Baptist, Chair of Peter, and Conversion of Paul.

VIOLET
Worn during Advent and Lent.

ROSE
Worn on the 3rd Sunday of Advent (Gaudete Sunday) and the 4th Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday)
.

BLACK
Worn at Masses for the dead.

 

 

PARTS OF THE HOLY MASS
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 We know that there are different parts of the Mass. As Altar servers, we have different responsibilities in each phase. We must familiarize ourselves with the parts of the Mass.

 

Introductory Rite

Entrance song

Greeting

Penitential Rite

Gloria

Opening Prayer

 

Liturgy of the word

1 st Reading

Responsorial Psalm

2 nd Reading

Gospel Acclamation

Homily

Profession of Faith

Prayer of the Faithful

 

Liturgy of the Eucharist

Preparation of the gifts

Eucharistic prayer

 

Communion Rite

Lords Prayer

Sign of peace

Communion

 

Concluding Rite

Concluding Prayer

Blessing

Dismissal